Ikan Bawal (air tawar)

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Fakta

  • Popular Name : Pacu
  • Cientific Name: Colossoma macroponum
  • Family: Characidae
  • Environment: freshwater
  • Origin: South America
  • Adult Size: Max length : 100 cm, max weight : 40 kg
  • Deept water: 5 m
  • Lifespan: -
  • Social: Colony/Grouping
  • Feed: Omnivora / predator
  • Breeding: Egglayer
  • Care: hardernest
  • pH range: 5 - 8
  • Temperature: tropical; 25°C - 30°C
  • Distribution : South America: Amazon and Orinoco basins.

Nama Lokal/daerah

  • bawal merah, bawal air tawar, pacu

Status : intruder/import

Teknik Mancing

  • segala teknik mancing termasuk casting
  • rangkaian harus mengunakan niklin atau leader yg kuat karena gigi bawal/pacu ini sangat tajam.

Umpan Mancing

  • segala umpan di makan dari yg natural bait, lifebait maupun pelet olahan dan artificial lure (minnow, spoon, popper, dll)

Habitat

Habitatnya di Indonesia sekarang sudah berada di perairan bebas, seperti di sungai2, setu, danau, waduk dll. Budidaya bawal sangat gampang dan juga menjadi jenis ikan konsumsi yg memeliki nilai ekonomi yg bagus.

Description

Nama Ilmiah: Piaractus brachypomus (pirapatinga, red-bellied pacu) atau Colossoma macropomum
Asal: Brazil (Amazon Basin)

Red-Bellied Pacu.jpg

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii Order: Characiformes Family: Characidae Subfamily: Serrasalminae Genus: Colossoma Species: Colossoma bidens

Common name: Red Bellied Pacu, Pacu Nama Indonesia: Ikan Bawal Max size: 20kg (44lb) Diet: Omnivore Habitat: Fresh water

Description:Red Bellied Pacu are Omnivores and will eat a wide range of food. Their favoured natural diet is vegetation, nuts and seeds but will also take most other offerings like small fish, vegetable, insects, meat, rice or dead baits. The teeth resemble human teeth and are used to crush nuts and seeds that would fall from the Amazonian forests into the Pacu’s water. They are Closely related to the infamous Piranha fish, the main difference being the Piranha have pointed, razor-sharp teeth (Carnivores) and pacu have square, straight teeth (Omnivore). Red bellied pacu can also grow much larger than piranha but are not overly aggressive.

http://www.fishing-khaolak.com/fish_species/freshwater_species/red_bellied_pacu.html
http://megafishingthailand.com/fish-species-in-thailand/introduced/red-bellied-pacu-colossoma-spp/
http://www.iftfishing.com/?p=17970
http://dunia-perairan.blogspot.com/2012/08/ikan-bawal-air-tawar.html
http://area-mancing.blogspot.com/2013/04/resep-umpan-mancing-ikan-bawal-darat.html
http://tambaquifishing.blogspot.com/2012/10/ikan-bawal-air-tawar-colossoma_9.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tambaqui
http://www.fishbase.org/Photos/ThumbnailsSummary.php?ID=263#
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/263
http://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/factsheet.aspx?SpeciesID=427
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piaractus_brachypomus#cite_note-NAS-1